Denis Lefort, CPA, expert-conseil en Gouvernance, audit et contrôle, porte à ma connaissance un document de la firme KPMG qui présente le concept de pensée critique (critical thinking) adapté à l’audit interne. Ce document présente également une pyramide des différents niveaux de maturité de l’audit interne, laquelle culmine avec la pensée critique, puis la création de valeur.
Ce document propose trois ajustements au cycle d’audit interne pour bien refléter une approche intégrant la pensée critique.
À l’instar de Denis Lefort, je vous encourage à lire ce document très intéressant lequel saura peut-être vous inspirer !
In an uncertain and challenging economy, organizations are seeking an approach to internal audit that goes beyond reviewing past activities. Instead, they want internal audits that are insightful, forward looking, and go beyond preserving value to creating value on a departmental, divisional, or organization-wide level.
To meet these expectations, internal audit leaders must strive to migrate to more advanced stages of maturity that evolve basic auditing processes and skills towards an approach to create value and insight to an organization. Many internal audit functions establish goals to achieve higher value; however, they fall short in one of two ways:
- The skill sets and competencies of the team are not sufficiently cross-functional or developed in each team member to deliver the expected value
- The internal audit approach is not redesigned to facilitate a new approach in planning, execution, and reporting of results.
This is where the critical thinking approach comes into play. Critical thinking is defined as an open-minded approach to analyzing a situation or task for the development of supportable conclusions and conveying the assessed results in a logical manner. The application of this concept in internal audit is where value can be unleashed within an organization. Applying critical thought to internal audit is more than just a planning exercise, but one in which every element of your process is challenged. This step-by-step exercise of identifying existing or new interdependencies, inputs, relationships, and opportunities in each phase of the audit can create new information for eager business leaders about how to approach risks and improvement opportunities from a new angle.
Critical thinking can help shift the purpose of internal audit to create value and expand or develop the positive perception of the department across the organization. The full maturity, when successfully implemented, goes a level beyond operational auditing and should result in opening more doors for internal audit to sit on steering committees, task forces, and other strategic initiatives. Critical thinking as a core approach for internal audit establishes a strategic partner within the business, focused on achieving balance between risk management and business performance.