Aujourd’hui, je vous propose la lecture d’un court article publié par George Bradt dans Forbes qui décrit les trois (3) stades de gouvernance qu’une organisation est susceptible de vivre au cours de son évolution.
En effet, plus une organisation croît, plus le besoin de structure devient nécessaire et plus le besoin d’une nouvelle gouvernance se fait sentir. L’auteur prend l’exemple d’un commerce qui prend rapidement de l’expansion et dont le propriétaire-dirigeant ressent, dans un premier temps, le besoin de s’entourer d’un conseil aviseur pour l’aider à franchir un nouveau cap.
Les stades de développement généralement vécus par les organisations sont les suivants :
(1) Stade informel : Aviseurs ad hoc;
(2) Stade de structuration et de formalisation : Conseil aviseur externe;
(3) Stade de croissance accélérée : Conseil d’administration et management professionnel.
Je vous invite à lire l’article dont voici un extrait. Pour plus d’information sur les modes de transition, rendez-vous sur le site de Prime Genesis
Just like you need different types of boards to ride surf, snow or street, you need different boards to help guide different stages of your business. While solo entrepreneurs can get by with an informal cadre of advisors, other organizations need more disciplined boards of advisors or formal boards of directors. The key is to evolve your board as your organization’s needs change similarly to how you must lead differently as your team grows.
Informal Ad Hoc Advisors
Almost everybody has someone they turn to for advice: lawyer, accountant, priest, friend, spouse, local bartender or the like. These early advisors generally have a personal connection to the leader. Hopefully they have relevant, valuable expertise as well.
As Rob was putting together his initial advisory board, he looked for people with competency and character he could trust. At first, he started with those who had a connection to himself or to one of his key constituents. Over time, he’s learned to strike a balance on his board between people with direct, automobile industry experience and those with complementary experiences.
While he was younger, he needed his board members to be “more supportive and somewhat paternal.” Now he looks to the board to provide an outside view, help refine the strategy, and push him and his leadership team to get better. The best advice he ever got from a board member was when he was told that “there are certain times when opportunities, situations arise where the right answer may create short term pain and a tough week, month, even year, in exchange for hopefully a better 20 years.”Rob compensates his advisory board members in two ways. First he gives them a stipend for the three meetings they come to each year, each lasting a day and half. But that’s really to let them know he’s serious about their involvement. It’s the second part of their compensation that’s most valuable: the learning and connections they get from being involved and the feeling of satisfaction from helping someone they like and respect.
At some point, he expects the board will help him transition leadership to the next generation.
Boards of Directors
Boards of directors come into play when the owners or key stakeholders of an organization cannot or choose not to manage the organization themselves. Instead of advising the owner/manager, boards of directors take on fiduciary responsibility in representing the owners or stakeholders in directing management. Both advisory boards and formal boards of directors should have their own strategic, organizational and operational processes. They just have different bases for their authority.
Articles reliés :
Evolve Your Board As Your Organization Changes (huffingtonpost.com)
Who Advises the Entrepreneur? (blogs.hbr.org)
Advisory Boards (business2community.com)
Succession planning isn’t just for big companies (business.financialpost.com)