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L’ABC de la gouvernance des OBNL

30 mars 2013

Je reçois régulièrement des demandes d’information sur la gouvernance des OBNL/OSNL. Voici deux sources d’information précieuses sur ce type d’organisation, diffusées par le Centre de la gouvernance de Deloitte :

(1) l’état de la situation (statistiques) des OBNL aux États-Unis publié par BoardSource (Index 2012) et

(2) Un guide sur la gouvernance des OBNL publié par Weil, Gotshal & Manges, LLP.

Vous devrez vous enregistrer pour avoir accès à ces documents. Mais la procédure d’inscription est très simple et vous aurez ensuite accès à toutes les publications du Centre de la gouvernance de Deloitte. Malheureusement, la plupart des documents sont en anglais et ils sont souvent d’origine américaine.

Je vous invite à lire ces deux documents. Le premier des deux présente les résultats statistiques d’une vaste enquête sur les OBNL. Comme moi, vous serez probablement étonné de ce qui en ressort, notamment que le domaine des OBNL (Organismes de charité, Associations, Fondations), des plus petites aux plus grandes, est un monde où la parité des genres règne ! Et vous qu’est-ce qui vous étonne le plus ?

BoardSource Nonprofit Governance Index 2012

« Administered every two to three years, the BoardSource Nonprofit Governance Index provides the most up-to-date compendium of information on nonprofit board policies, practices, and performance from a diverse mix of organizations nationwide, and it is the only national study of nonprofit governance that includes responses from both chief executives and board chairs. This report presents data from the seventh edition of the survey, the BoardSource Nonprofit Governance Index 2012.

Key findings from the report include the following:

English: Logo of a non-profit student organiza...

English: Logo of a non-profit student organization. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hopeful signs of recovery across the nonprofit sector

We found a sizeable reduction in the percentage of nonprofits that made negative financial adjustments (downsizing, cutting staff, reducing salaries and benefits, etc.) in the past two years, as compared to Governance Index data collected in 2010. Responses also demonstrate a modest increase in the percentage of organizations expanding or launching new initiatives.

Increased accountability and self-assessment

Positive trends continue with regard to the percentage of nonprofits that operate with basic accountability procedures, including conflict-of-interest, whistleblower, and document retention policies. More boards also are taking a systematic look at their own performance, as the number of organizations conducting board self-assessments increased 5% from 2010-2012.

Persistent patterns of inequity among nonprofit leaders by gender, age, and race/ethnicity and low levels of adoption of inclusive practices

Boards continue to struggle with finding their paths towards inclusion.Figure 5 on page 12 illustrates the almost non-existent progress in recruiting racial and ethnic minorities on boards over an 18-year period.Furthermore, the adoption of inclusive practices, such as conducting diversity training for board members, remains low and stagnant from levels we found in 2010.

Percentage of personal giving by board members is high, but fundraising efforts leave much to be desired

As in 2010, chief executives rank fundraising as the weakest area of board performance. Forty percent of CEOs indicate that board members are reluctant to take on fundraising responsibilities, and only 41% of CEOs agree that board members are comfortable meeting potential donors face-to-face. However, among nonprofits that fundraise, nearly three-quarters of respondents report 90 to 100% personal giving by board members ».

The Guide to Not-For-Profit Governance | 2012

Ce petit guide publié par Weil, Gotshal & Manges, LLP, donne les informations essentielles de nature juridique concernant la gouvernance des OBNL. Vous trouverez, ci-dessous, les pricipaux points abordés dans le guide. Bonne lecture !

Background for Not-For-Profit Organizations

– Role and Purpose of the Board of Directors in Not-For-Profit Corporations

– Enforcement of Duties and Liabilities

– Liability of Directors, Officers and Trustees to Third Parties

Duties of Not-For-Profit Directors and Officers

– The Duty of Care

– The Duty of Loyalty

– The Duty of Obedience

Liabilities Imposed by the IRS: Intermediate Sanctions

Indemnification AND INSURANCE for Not-For-Profit Directors and Officers

How to Get Your Nonprofit Board to Raise Money (ventureneer.com)

Nonprofit Board Size Can Matter (nonprofitboardcrisis.typepad.com)

Promoting Nonprofit Organizations (psypress.com)

NonProfit Organization: To Be or Not to Be ? (marketing4optimization.com)

Gen Next on the Nonprofit Board (ventureneer.com)

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